Fertilizer is an essential component of modern agriculture. The fertilizer industry transforms millions of tons of air, natural gas and mined ores into plant nutrition products based on the three essential nutrients nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
Fertilisers are mainly classified into two main types, organic and inorganic fertilisers. With Organic or Natural fertilizers derived from agricultural waste or animal manure have limitations in production, Inorganic or chemical fertilizer generated by chemical techniques play a vital role in present scenario.
Fertilizer is basically dependent on Soil characteristics and climatic conditions of that region and types of fertilizers can be broadly classified as
Nitrate-based fertilizers uses ammonia to produce nitrate fertilizers such as ammonium nitrate (AN). Ammonia may also be mixed with liquid carbon dioxide to create urea. Both these products can be further mixed with water to form UAN (urea ammonium nitrate) solution.
Phosphate based fertilizers such as single superphosphate (SSP), triple superphosphate (TSP), monoammonium phosphate (MAP), di-ammonium phosphate (DSP) are produced from mined ores. Phosphate rock is primarily treated with sulphuric acid to produce phosphoric acid, which is either concentrated or mixed with ammonia to make a range of phosphate fertilizers.
Potassium, Calcium, magnesium and sulphur based fertilizers are basically produced from mined ores. Several chemical processes can be used to convert the potash rock into potassium chloride, sulphate and nitrate.
For Nitrate based fertilizers Thermal Systems provides boilers for Weak Nitric Acid | Ammonium Nitrate | Methanol plants.
For Phosphate & Sulphur based fertilizer, Thermal Systems provides boilers for Sulphuric acid plant | Heat exchangers & pre heaters.